What makes two atoms attract?

If two atoms get close enough together then the electrons of each atom will be attracted to both nuclii. If the atoms get two close then the nuclii will repell each other. Single sided arrows represent attraction.

What attracts two atoms together?

The valence electrons are involved in bonding one atom to another. The attraction of each atom’s nucleus for the valence electrons of the other atom pulls the atoms together. As the attractions bring the atoms together, electrons from each atom are attracted to the nucleus of both atoms, which “share” the electrons.

What causes two atoms to want to bond together?

Why form chemical bonds? The basic answer is that atoms are trying to reach the most stable (lowest-energy) state that they can. Many atoms become stable when their valence shell is filled with electrons or when they satisfy the octet rule (by having eight valence electrons).

How do atoms stay together?

In an atom there are three fundamental forces that keep atoms together. electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force. The electromagnetic force keeps the electrons attached to the atom. The strong nuclear force keeps the protons and neutrons together in the nucleus.

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Why do atoms attract electrons?

An atom’s electronegativity is affected by both its atomic number and the size of the atom. The higher its electronegativity, the more an element attracts electrons. … The nuclear charge is important because the more protons an atom has, the more “pull” it will have on negative electrons.

What holds the atoms together in the bond?

The bonds that hold atoms together to form molecules are called covalent bonds. They are pretty tough and not easily made or broken apart. It takes energy to make the bonds and energy is released when the bonds are broken.

Do two electrons attract or repel?

Due to electrostatic repulsion the two electrons will repel each other as they both possess similar charges (lets leave gravitational attractive force out of the picture).

What happens when two atoms interact?

If they interact in a constructive manner, the interaction is stabilizing, potential energy is decreases and (if it is released into the surrounding system) the two atoms adopt a more stable configuration, they form a bond that holds them together. If the interaction is destructive, there is no stabilizing interaction.

Which of the two elements will easily attract electrons of a nearby atom?

Fluorine has the greatest attraction for electrons in any bond that it forms. The attraction of an atom for shared electrons is called its electronegativity.

Which elements attract electrons the most?

All elements are compared to one another, with the most electronegative element, fluorine, being assigned an electronegativity value of 3.98. Fluorine attracts electrons better than any other element.

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Why do neutral atoms attract?

Because neutral atoms have their negative particles in one place and positive in another, the negatives do not totally cancel out the positives, consequently there is always some attraction between the nucleus of one atom to the electrons of another.